Women Documentarians Reveal Injustice and Hope at the Human Rights Watch Film Festival
By Nora Lee Mandel http://MavensNest.net/movies.html
I used to think of the Human Rights Watch Film Festival as “The Depressing Festival” in coverage over the past nine years. But the programmers more and more balance artistic merit with the sponsoring NGO Human Rights Watch’s exposés of terrible injustices around the world, and even, sometimes, give the audience hope. In this 27th year in New York City, they also broke barriers behind the cameras -- 10 out of the 18 films in the program were directed or co-directed by women, many times with the intimacy from establishing a close relationship with the subjects, many in attendance at the Festival. Not only did these documentaries sensitively spotlight a wide range of women’s issues in Afghanistan, China, Jerusalem, Los Angeles, Mexico, and Mississippi, but women filmmakers were showcased gaining revealing access to difficult, diverse places -- a maximum security prison and the Amazon rainforest.
In New York City June 10-19, the film festival has expanded over the years, co-presenting uptown with the Film Society of Lincoln Center and downtown at the IFC Center, accompanied by related exhibitions and post-screening discussions on the issues with the filmmakers, HRW staff, and other experts. Versions of the festival also travel: this year to Amsterdam and San Diego in January; its 20th anniversary in London in March; Toronto in April; Los Angeles and Miami in May; Chicago and Sydney in June; and selections shown in over a dozen other cities. Many of these films continue to make the festival rounds elsewhere, as well in theaters.
Many of these very different films compellingly emphasize the power of government to use the legal system to stifle individual rights. Thankfully, this year the Human Rights Watch Festival includes women directors providing some hope, with examples of individuals or communities taking action, even if any success is mixed or sui generis.
Director Danae Elon is all about making the personal political, like filming her 2009 documentary Partly Private examining circumcision while she was pregnant with a son. At the start of this documentary (which had its New York premiere at last year’s DocNYC Festival), she’s pregnant again and leaving hipster Brooklyn with her two young sons and her photographer partner, French-Algerian Philip Touitou, to return to her home town of Jerusalem. She’s not just a sabra, a native born Israeli, but the daughter of a prominent leftist Israeli writer, the late Amos Elon (seen in photographs, archival clips, and tapes of their conversations). “Heartbroken”, her father very publicly left the country, where his parents had fled from Austria, in despair over the failure of the two-state solution to provide a Palestinian state.
Despite her beloved father’s admonition not to return, Danae is homesick and eager to walk her children through her favorite memories (as seen in photos). Ironies abound. She missed the desert – but they are greeted by a rare snowfall. Three months after the move, she gives birth to another son, Amos, and the primary time marker on screen over three years is his growth. She’s sure they can cross any barriers by living through personal example and enrolls her kids in the only integrated Jewish/Arab school in the city. At the beginning, her smug, liberal do-good-ness is almost insufferable, triumphant that she and the kids do make friends with one intellectual Arab family. Until the reality of life in contemporary Israel begins to smack them in the face and finally makes them seem more normal.
The expansion of the conservative, ultra-Orthodox population around her old neighborhood makes her uncomfortable even as public celebration of Purim with costumes in the streets is more fun than she remembered. Her husband is quick with his reaction: “I don’t like this place.” While she attributes “his sense of belonging was off” to his lack of Hebrew fluency, it’s not clear what’s happening with his career, though the final scroll tells of his exhibits that resulted. He only looks happy when they’re off hiking through her favorite nature reserves. But they’re never far from the strained politics; on one trek, she has to answer her son that the smoke in the distance is settlers burning Palestinian olive trees. Her sons can see for themselves that the Jewish and Arab kids at school mostly don’t play together.
By the time of the Gaza war in 2014, the external tensions aggravate their internal ones, and she gives up on her personal experiment. Jerusalem-based Arab-Israeli writer Sayed Kashua made the same wrenching decision about the same time for his family. Ironically, where Danae settled on Montreal for her husband’s bi-lingual comfort (where her kids report on tensions between the English and French-speaking students), Kashua landed in the U.S. heartland of Champaign, Illinois where he regularly reports how his kids are turning into All-Americans. For all her politically correct talk about the occupation, apartheid, and Palestinian rights, Danae Elon humanistically shows that a woman’s separate peace can only go so far.
Seek out these exciting women-directed selections from the Human Rights Watch Film Festival as they travel to different cities, open in theaters, VOD, or broadcast on PBS or other channels over the year.
© Nora Lee Mandel 07/20/16
Top Photo: One of the Touitou Elon boys looks over Jerusalem.
Photo Credit: Human Rights Watch Film Festival.
Nora Lee Mandel [http://MavensNest.net/movies.html] is a member of New York Film Critics Online and Alliance of Women Film Journalists; her reviews are counted in Rotten Tomatoes’ TomatoMeter [http://www.rottentomatoes.com/critic/nora-lee-mandel/]. She reviews films and television in Film Festival Traveler, Film-Forward, Lilith, and NH Jewish Film Festival’s Film Buzz. Her ongoing Critical Guide to Jewish Women in Movies and TV [http://MavensNest.net/Lilith.html] has been the basis for talks to audiences in New York and New Jersey, and Philadelphia Jewish Film Festival. @NLM_MavensNest