Women Documentarians Reveal Injustice and Hope at the Human Rights Watch Film Festival
By Nora Lee Mandel http://MavensNest.net/movies.html
I used to think of the Human Rights Watch Film Festival as “The Depressing Festival” in coverage over the past nine years. But the programmers more and more balance artistic merit with the sponsoring NGO Human Rights Watch’s exposés of terrible injustices around the world, and even, sometimes, give the audience hope. In this 27th year in New York City, they also broke barriers behind the cameras -- 10 out of the 18 films in the program were directed or co-directed by women, many times with the intimacy from establishing a close relationship with the subjects, many in attendance at the Festival. Not only did these documentaries sensitively spotlight a wide range of women’s issues in Afghanistan, China, Jerusalem, Los Angeles, Mexico, and Mississippi, but women filmmakers were showcased gaining revealing access to difficult, diverse places -- a maximum security prison and the Amazon rainforest.
In New York City June 10-19, the film festival has expanded over the years, co-presenting uptown with the Film Society of Lincoln Center and downtown at the IFC Center, accompanied by related exhibitions and post-screening discussions on the issues with the filmmakers, HRW staff, and other experts. Versions of the festival also travel: this year to Amsterdam and San Diego in January; its 20th anniversary in London in March; Toronto in April; Los Angeles and Miami in May; Chicago and Sydney in June; and selections shown in over a dozen other cities. Many of these films continue to make the festival rounds elsewhere, as well in theaters.
Other welcome, hopeful films in the HRW Festival usefully document how people can come together for positive change, for the participants and the larger community.
Many of these very different films compellingly emphasize the power of government to use the legal system to stifle individual rights. Thankfully, this year the Human Rights Watch Festival includes women directors providing some hope, with examples of individuals or communities taking action, even if any success is mixed or sui generis.
Bike-riding is regularly recommended for healthy exercise and as an environmentally-friendly transportation alternative. For the Ovarian Psycos Bicycle Brigade (Ovas) it’s a feminist declaration. Turning from producing, debut directors Joanna Sokolowski and Kate Trumbull-LaValle closely profile and follow over four years women in East Los Angeles who founded and continue monthly, night-time bike rides. In a neighborhood as well known for a vibrant Latino culture of music, murals, and political activism as its plague of gang violence, they ostentatiously declare a safe space for women in the streets, sporting their own “gang” bandannas with “signs” of fallopian tubes in a big group rolling through.
Though East L.A. birthed the Chicano rights movement in the 1970’s (this context is provided by Maylea Blackwell, author of ¡Chicana Power! and by clips from a 1973 film Cinco Vida), women still feel stifled by stereotyped expectations of feminine behavior. The Latinas here laughingly recall their mothers’ admonition “Bikes are for boys!”, let alone warning myths of risks to the virginal hymen. Even as adults they felt intimidated away from the city’s popular Lunar Rides that were overwhelmingly male and biker macho, so the Ovas organized their own rides in 2010.
Charismatic artist/D.J. /founder Xela de la X intimidated? Her revealing interviews bring out that even a woman with her dynamic public persona to chant “Ovaries so big we don’t need fucking balls” can be suffering from past abuse and need support while raising a daughter alone. She also draws strength from mentoring younger women, with mature foresight of burn-out. The filmmakers well show how street artist Andi Xoch learns from her example to move up from a background designer role to confident organizer of events, running planning committees, social media outreach, and coordinating with city agencies. Andi, in turn, encourages Evie, a shy, inexperienced teen ager to borrow a bicycle, ride along, and blossom into chairing meetings. Their hand off is a model of volunteer leadership development amidst the pressures of being a mother, daughter, family breadwinner, or shaking off personal demons; the final credit it “Dedicated to all women past present affected by violence and fighting against it.”
Their voices are heard over exuberant ground-level footage cinematographer Michael Raines shot on roller blades amidst the l-o-n-g lines of grinning women on bicycles. In combination with additional aerial perspectives, this fast-paced, invigorating film beautifully captures their sheer exhilaration at taking over the city on their own terms. With ITVS funding, the documentary will presumably be shown on PBS in the near future – when you should be tempted to get off the couch and onto a bicycle.
Seek out these exciting women-directed selections from the Human Rights Watch Film Festival as they travel to different cities, open in theaters, VOD, or broadcast on PBS or other channels over the year.
© Nora Lee Mandel 07/20/16
Top Photo: The Ovarian Psycos.
Photo Credits: The Ovarian Psycos filmmakers Kate Trumbull-LaValle and Joanna Sokolowski.
Nora Lee Mandel [http://MavensNest.net/movies.html] is a member of New York Film Critics Online and Alliance of Women Film Journalists; her reviews are counted in Rotten Tomatoes’ TomatoMeter [http://www.rottentomatoes.com/critic/nora-lee-mandel/]. She reviews films and television in Film Festival Traveler, Film-Forward, Lilith, and NH Jewish Film Festival’s Film Buzz. Her ongoing Critical Guide to Jewish Women in Movies and TV [http://MavensNest.net/Lilith.html] has been the basis for talks to audiences in New York and New Jersey, and Philadelphia Jewish Film Festival. @NLM_MavensNest